The hip is the joint that connects your thigh-bone to your pelvic bone. Hips are considered ball-and-socket joints because the ball-like top of your thigh-bone moves within a socket in your pelvis. In most cases, your hips are very stable and when they are healthy, they are quite steady and durable. However, playing sports, running, overuse or falling can potentially lead to hip injuries.
Potential hip injuries can include strains, dislocations, fractures, or a condition called bursitis. Certain diseases can also lead to hip injuries or problems. Osteoarthritis can cause pain and limited motion. Osteoporosis causes weak bones that can break easily. Both of these conditions are common in older people.
Treatment for hip disorders may include rest, medicines, physical therapy, or surgery, including hip replacement.
In most cases, your provider will recommend that you undergo physical therapy. A physical therapist may suggest a variety of treatments, including exercises for stability, balance, posture, flexibility, coordination, strength, and restoration of range of motion. You may also benefit from hip mobilization, massage, electrical stimulation, ultrasound, or the application of heat or cold. A physical therapist can design a program specifically for you, based on your condition.
To prevent hip injury, stretching and strengthening exercises should be part of your regular exercise routine unless you have a special health problem. The condition of the hips can be positively influenced by exercises for the thighs, lower back, groin, buttocks, and abdominal muscles.